What are the various steps involved in software engineering?

What are the various steps involved in software engineering?

It is said that software is required in each machine. Humans are getting dependent on machines with rapid growth and success. We cannot imagine a life without using software on our phones, laptops, etc. Therefore, software development is necessary to make every process successful.

Every step and process in software engineering involves software design and implementation, known as coding. This list of steps is created in a step-by-step process where some cycles are repeated. These various stages are known as the “Software Development Life Cycle.” Software development has become crucial due to the increasing demand for updated software. Enroll yourself in a Software development course in order to explore more about the subject.

Here are the steps below:-

  1. I) Analysis
  2. II) Planning

III) Design

  1. IV) Development
  2. V) Testing
  3. VI) Implementation

VII) Maintenance

Let us discuss it briefly:-

I) Analysis:-

In this process, all requirements from customers are collected through direct interaction and surveys. All the requirements are gathered and segregated into different viable options the company can decide upon. These viable options are decided by evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of the requirements.

II) Planning:-

This stage identifies opportunities in problems and tries to find prospective solutions to problems. This stage can be a brainstorming session for software engineers as they may have to create new software to solve problems. In this stage,  a project plan is created to conduct each step systematically.

III) Designing:-

There are two types in designing- High-level Design ( HLD) and Low-level Design ( LLD). HLD describes the architecture or structure of the software, whereas LLD describes the features of the software in the product. Designing phase lays a foundation in the development process. This is an important process, and a standard is also set trying to stick with it.

IV) Development:-

In this stage, the software is in crafting mode. Many prototypes are considered before taking out a tangible solution. At the end of the building process, clients can access the software. At the last step, clients can show features of the software to their customers to get attracted to the software.

V) Testing:-

This is the stage where any errors and bugs are removed. It is a step to verify and validate the software. This can be done at the initial stages with internal software development and outsourcing as customers will later confront it.

VI) Implementation:-

This stage is crucial to achieving customer satisfaction. The operations of this software start, and stakeholders start running the software. Necessary upgrades are added to the software after testing, and features are taught to the users to access the software.

VII) Maintenance:-

As we know that the same software can’t work for years, Updating processes are conducted through regular software maintenance. This is done to ensure regular adaption to changes.

All these processes are done by an efficient team and require different functionalities. It is not confined to one industry. There are various industries involved. Some of them are listed below:-

1) Education

2) Medical healthcare

3) Automobile industry

4) Retail and wholesale

5) Travel

6) Real estate

7) Banking & Finance

8) Media and Entertainment.

7 Key Methodologies:-

Seven key methodologies improve software development efficiency in the software engineering process. Let us discuss it.

1) Agile:-

Being agile delivers customer value through fast service and offering minimized bureaucracy. It helps in maintaining good relations with stakeholders and developers. This methodology is suitable for small and mid-size firms. Although, it is very time-consuming and does not suit the younger population.

2) Waterfall:-

This methodology has been used since olden times as it adopts traditional step-by-step methods. The waterfall is doing work first and then stepping into another. It is suitable for binge and complex projects which require intense labor. There is a rigidity in the structure that provides a systematic approach to all engineers.

3) Lean:-

This methodology adopts continuous changes in software through a strictthrough strict feedback and testing approach. Regularly making changes in software helps the organizations to keep themselves updated. This method helps to improve quality, productivity, and customer satisfaction. It also helps in minimum wastage but is an exhausting task for executives.

4) Iterative:-

This is the methodology where work is assigned in segregated periods, and a target or goal must be achieved within that period. It helps executives to adapt evolving needs of customers. But it is suitable for big projects only.

5) Spiral:-

This is a completely new process as compared to other methodologies. This method first evaluates the risk factors in a project to assume future uncertainty. According to it, all business models are created. But this is a very costly approach and requires expertise to help the public in their work.


1) Is this process helpful for common people as well?

Yes. This is helpful for those who want to make modifications or create new software. The process helps to grab knowledge about the software. But, the software is created only by software engineers.

2) Do we need to be tech-savvy to create software?

Yes, you need to be tech-savvy, but certainly, you are not an expert. Ultimately, the experts will guide you regarding the changes in any software.

3) How can we guarantee the software to be authentic?

Yes, it could can be done at the testing and maintenance level, and complaints can be done through 24*7 customer care and proper care. Overall, feedback forms can be generated to ensure customer satisfaction.

4) Will the charges of software maintenance increase if we adopt the waterfall methodology?

Yes, charges may increase as many people save their time doing two jobsworks together. Concentrating on only one work is a waste of time for people nowadays.

5) Why is the Software Development Life cycle or Software engineering process important?

It can be considered a valuable element in the tech universe. This process creates special, tedious, and complex apps for customers. Convenient software layout is customer friendly and helps to increase productivity. In addition, it also helps to reduce costs, helps in taking staff decisions, defining inputs and outputs to set clear goals, etc. That is why every app developer should learn SDLC and implement it adequately.

There are several platforms like Great Learning that provide degree courses online. So if you aspire want to build a career in software engineering, check out the advanced software engineering course, offered by Great Learning.

Bilal Is a Blogger and an SEO professional. Founder of & & , I have 2 years of experience in SEO & 1 year of Successful blogging @ I have a passion for SEO & Blogging, Affiliate marketer & also interested to invest on profitable stocks.

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